The ruby is found in all shades of red which symbolizes love, fire and blood that
refers to the warmth and spirited in life. According to color theory, the color red can help overcome apprehension, depression
and anxiety. It is well and truly the king of gemstones owing to its royal and radiant color, sheer brilliance and strength.
Derived from the Latin word ‘ruber’ or ‘rubrum’ that means red, it is also known as ratnaraj or King
Real rubies are extremely rare and expensive. The ruby owes its pure red colour
to chromium in its chemical composition. Genuine rubies possess an intense red colour without strains of either brown or blue.
Variations occur as no two stones have equal overtones. Chromium results in many fractures and indiscretions which is why
the ruby always has defects. The cut however dictates the final finish of the gem as the stone could appear bigger in size
despite weighing less. It can be cut round or any other shape like square, rectangle or cabochons, etc.
Gemstones beyond 3 carat are scarce in nature. Mogok mines in Myanmar produces
gems that are the best in the world followed by Thailand and Sri Lanka Few even exhibit the unique asterism phenomena; Star
Rubies. They are often treated using man-made dyes and coatings or thermal enhancements.
Ruby: King of Gems
Since a ruby is essentially the mineral corundum; one of the hardest minerals
known to man making it ideal for daily wear and is a hardy gemstone indeed.